The work-oriented midcareer development model: An extension of Super's maintenance stage
Date of this version
Midcareer, employment dynamics, career development
The work-oriented midcareer development model for middle income workers in the United States is presented to respond to changing employment dynamics. The model replaces organizationally determined internal labor markets with an individually directed career development structure. It directs workers to define their work, identify its future requirements, and select a developmental direction in an extension of Super's career maintenance stage. Three levels of midcareer development are also proposed: job oriented, work maintenance, and work growth. This new structure allows midcareer individuals to maintain or grow their employment security, income, and career satisfaction in an environment of increasing mobility and salary compression. Suggestions for applications to career counseling clients and implications for future research are discussed.
The Counseling Psychologist