In an effort to further the understanding of gender traits or sexual bias that high school-aged choral music students might be exposed to in their curricular materials, two choral textbooks Choral Connections Beginning Level 1 Treble Voices and Choral Connections Beginning Level 1 Tenor-Bass Voices published by Glencoe MacGraw-Hill in 1999 were analyzed using a modified Bem Sex Role Inventory Model. The results found that significantly more songs were about men than were about women. The songs selected for the treble voices were more androgynous, while the secular music presented to the boys was significantly more masculine in the traits: assertive, masculine/heterosexual, adventurous, and self-reliant. Gender stereotypes were also found in the volumes. Lastly, women and minority groups were presented less often than were males and the white majority.
Hawkins, Patrick J.
"What Boys and Girls Learn Through Song: A Content Analysis of Gender Traits and Sex Bias in Two Choral Classroom Textbooks,"
Research & Issues in Music Education: Vol. 5
, Article 5.
Available at: http://ir.stthomas.edu/rime/vol5/iss1/5