Title

Sleep Quality Mediates the Relationship Between Traumatic Events, Psychological Distress, and Suicidality in College Undergraduates.

Department/School

Computer and Information Sciences

Date

2020

Document Type

Article

Keywords

mental health, sleep, suicide, undergraduate, well-being

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1826493

Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether sleep quality mediates the relationship between traumatic life events and psychological wellbeing in college students. Methods: 40,646 undergraduate responses from the Spring 2017 National College Health Assessment II were evaluated for relationships between two predictor variables: satisfactory sleep and traumatic life events, and two outcome variables: psychological distress (a composite of anxiety, exhaustion, feeling overwhelmed, depression, sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, and anger) and suicidality (composite of self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts). Linear mediation regression analysis via structural equation modeling was used to test these relationships. Results: Each additional traumatic life event students reported experiencing was associated with a 27.6% − 58.9% increase in the odds of reporting indicators of psychological distress or suicidality. Satisfactory sleep significantly mediated this negative relationship (proportional effects between 10.6 and 12.5%). Conclusions: Healthy sleep mediates the impact of traumatic life events on psychological distress and suicidality.

Published in

Journal of American College Health

Citation/Other Information

Berg, S.S., Rosenau, P.S., and Prichard, J.R. (2020). Sleep Quality Mediates the Relationship Between Traumatic Events, Psychological Distress, and Suicidality in College Undergraduates. Journal of American College Health, 70 (6), 1611-1614. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1826493

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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