Christianity and Environmental Sustainability





Document Type

Book Chapter


DOI: 10.4324/9781315537627-48


Christianity’s awareness of environmental destruction has been gradual, but a wake-up call came in 1967 with the publication of an article in the journal Science by historian Lynn White, titled “The Historical Roots of our Ecologic Crisis.” New and constructive environmental theologies emerge as theologians place classic Christian teachings in dialogue with specific areas of ecological concern. Christian responses to the environmental threat extend from thought into policy and action. Christianity has experienced remarkable change in its ecological consciousness. Even so, the level of ecological awareness and commitment varies widely among different communities and individual Christians. Churches have become centers of environmental teaching, effective group organization, social influence, and prayerful focus. As organizations with both spiritual and social power, Christian churches can help make life-changing improvements in the ecological situation. A notable example of a local Christian community making a difference on a national environmental issue comes from the United Church of Christ.

Published in

The Christian Theological Tradition, 4th ed., Mark McInroy and Michael Hollerich editors, Routledge, 2020.

Citation/Other Information

Anthony, Cara. “Christianity and Environmental Sustainability.” In The Christian Theological Tradition, 1:592–600. 4th ed. Routledge, 2020.

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