Christianity and Science
Scientific findings are challenges when they seem to question claims made by the Bible or by the church. Science is an opportunity for Christian faith, because it has strongly developed human reason; and like science, Christianity has an enormous stake in reason—which is one of main avenues of approaching and developing truth. In the complex relationship between Christianity and science, conflict sometimes does occur. Conflict with science is generated from the religious side when the words of the Bible are taken literally, especially parts of the Bible that address issues studied by science. The conflict between Galileo and the church arose because Galileo Galilei contended that the earth is moving around an unmoving sun, a claim that contradicted the literal sense of some Old Testament passages. From the perspective of faith, science can be seen as a quest to understand the details of creation.
The Christian Theological Tradition, 4th ed.
Rolnick, Philip. “Christianity and Science.” In The Christian Theological Tradition, 516–536. 4th ed. Routledge, 2020.