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The question of who holds authority in the community of believers, or the church, is the most divisive issue in Christianity. “Authority” in this sense includes both the authority to discipline members of the church (including authority to excommunicate) and authority over what is taught (doctrine) in the church.
Nichols, Terence and Ozdemir, Adil, "Authority in the Community of Believers" (2021). Encountering Islam. 3.