Ernest Hemingway: From Religious Communities to the Privatization of Religion
Freudian analysis of the secularization of American culture during the 1920s. Uses “Soldier’s Home,” “Big Two-Hearted River,” The Old Man and the Sea, A Farewell to Arms, and The Sun Also Rises to show the effects of the breakdown of institutionalized religion and community: anomie, chaos, and alienation. Analyzes Hemingway’s replacement of church with secular rituals and communities.
Freud, Religion, and the Roaring Twenties: A Psychoanalytic Theory of Secularization in Three Novelists: Anderson, Hemingway, and Fitzgerald