Hemingway’s Attacks on the Soviets and the Communists in For Whom the Bell Tolls
Contextualizes Hemingway’s involvement in the Spanish Civil War historically and personally, arguing that Hemingway was critical of the Soviets and communists because of his negative personal experiences with their political structure and the hypocrisies of party members. Contends that Hemingway’s criticism was motivated by a need to maintain his own authorial integrity. Draws on “Under the Ridge” to further his assertion that Hemingway was distancing himself from the war to re-establish his independence as a writer.
North Dakota Quarterly