Text, Ritual, and Memory: Hemingway’s "Big Two-Hearted River"
Manuscript study. Opens by speculating on editorial changes that need to be made to the text, including spelling and punctuation corrections. Argues that because “Big Two-Hearted River” is not a war trauma story, “Now I Lay Me” is an inappropriate lens for reading it. Discusses the ritualistic elements of the story that enable Nick to return to his prewar self as a memory.
North Dakota Quarterly
Westbrook, Max. “Text, Ritual, and Memory: Hemingway’s ‘Big Two-Hearted River.’” North Dakota Quarterly 60, no. 3 (1992): 14-25.