Behind For Whom the Bell Tolls and L’Espoir: Propaganda Rumble and Closet Journalists
Compares the reception of Malraux’s L’Espoir (1937) and Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. Explains that while both enjoyed initial popularity, there soon arose negative judgments on the qualities of the novels as critics chose sides between the two authors. Wilhelm cites the overt propaganda found in L’Espoir as reason for the novel’s relative obscurity among contemporary readers.
North Dakota Quarterly