Hemingway’s "Garden of Eden": Resistance of Things Past and Protecting the Masculine Text
Biographical approach focusing on Hemingway’s ambivalent attitude toward androgyny in relation to the writer. Uses excised portions of the manuscript to show how author David Bourne is modeled upon Hemingway himself and that Catherine and Marita are drawn from the many women in Hemingway’s life, including wives Hadley, Pauline, and Mary. Reads the elephant tale as central to both manuscript and novel.
Texas Studies in Literature and Language