"Come Back to the Beach Ag’n, David Honey!": Hemingway’s Fetishization of Race in The Garden of Eden Manuscripts
Psychoanalytical approach to the pervasive images of tanning in the manuscript, looking at racial transformation in light of psychosexual transformation. Looks at male homosocial bonding between Juma and the young David, David’s identification with the androgynous bull elephant, rejection of his father and Juma, and the erotically-charged symbol of ivory. Also published in Hemingway: Seven Decades of Criticism, edited by Linda Wagner-Martin, 329-48. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1998. Significantly revised version published as “Ebony and Ivory: Hemingway’s Fetishism of Race” in Hemingway’s Fetishism: Psychoanalysis and the Mirror of Manhood, 155-83. New York: State University of New York Press, 1999.