Papa’s Grace Under Genre Pressure, Part Two: Hollywood Adaptations of Hemingway, 1957-2013
Concludes that the later cinematic versions of The Sun Also Rises (1957), A Farewell to Arms (1957), The Old Man and the Sea (1958), “The Killers” (1964), and Islands in the Stream (1977) move toward a more collaborative vision of author and filmmaker. Grissom argues that decreasing restrictions by the Hemingway estate following the author’s death have led to an even greater incorporation of Hemingway’s life and works into film.
Grissom, Candace Ursula. “Papa’s Grace Under Genre Pressure, Part Two: Hollywood Adaptations of Hemingway, 1957-2013.” In Fitzgerald and Hemingway on Film: A Critical Study of the Adaptations, 1924-2013, 163-233. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2014.