Playing in the Light: Examining Categorization in To Have and Have Not as a Reflection of Identity or Racism
Contests Toni Morrison’s thesis that Hemingway’s treatment of African American characters in To Have and Have Not enhances the status of whites in the novel. Rather, Knott asserts that such a reading misses the implications of Hemingway’s irony, designed to enlighten his readers on the difficulties of making judgments based on appearance. See Morrison’s Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination, 61-91. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992. Significantly revised version published as “Dimensions of Love” in One Man Alone: Hemingway and “To Have and Have Not,” 113-30. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1999.
North Dakota Quarterly