A Tragedy of Idealism in To Have and Have Not
Treats the loss of idealism, suggesting that the novel’s stance on the topic is paradoxical: without idealism, a character’s value is questionable, but to believe in any ideology is impossible within the modern world. Though Nyman discusses the loss of idealism pervading society, he focuses on Morgan’s fatal flaw, his inability to adapt his individualism and idealism in a changing world. Nyman asserts that the novel fails to provide an alternate vision, resulting in an overpowering mood of bleakness. Briefly discusses the connection between language and morality within the novel.
Men Alone: Masculinity, Individualism, and Hard-Boiled Fiction