Race-ing Hemingway: Revisions of Masculinity and/as Whiteness in Ernest Hemingway’s Green Hills of Africa and Under Kilimanjaro
Masculinity study. Contending that race and gender are interdependent in Hemingway’s works on Africa, Armengol-Carrera analyzes how the author’s imperialistic and sexist worldviews in Green Hills of Africa dramatically change to a defense of sexual and racial difference in Under Kilimanjaro. Also published in Masculinities in Black and White: Manliness and Whiteness in (African) American Literature, 71-89. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.