Hemingway and the Black Renaissance
Surveys Hemingway’s impact on the themes and aesthetic form of such black authors as Chester Himes, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright, Claude McKay, and Toni Morrison. Discusses Hemingway’s writings within the blues tradition and closes with a brief study of the intertextual relations between In Our Time and Jean Toomer’s Cane (1923). Slightly revised version published in Hemingway and the Black Renaissance, edited by Gary Edward Holcomb and Charles Scruggs, 1-26. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012.