Ernest Hemingway, the False Macho
Points to similarities between his father (Gregory) and his grandfather (Ernest) to show that despite Hemingway’s hypermasculinity and Gregory’s transsexuality, the two men were not so fundamentally different. Discusses both men’s bouts with bipolar disorder and lifelong attraction to androgyny. Draws on angry correspondence between father and son to characterize their later relationship as turbulent and often combative.
Men and Masculinities
Hemingway, John. “Ernest Hemingway, the False Macho.” Men and Masculinities 15, no. 4 (Oct. 2012): 424-31.