"Out Too Far": Half-Fish, Beaten Men, and the Tenor of Masculine Grace in The Old Man and the Sea
Draws on posthumanist theory to explore Santiago’s heroic humility, the essential component of masculine grace in which one learns to live within boundaries. Analyzes Santiago’s dependence on Manolin, respectful engagement with the feminized sea, and kinship with the natural world to show that one can maintain dignity and achieve a humbled state of grace while submitting to a worthy opponent.
Stephens, Gregory and Janice Cools. “‘Out Too Far’: Half-Fish, Beaten Men, and the Tenor of Masculine Grace in The Old Man and the Sea.” Hemingway Review 32, no. 2 (Spring 2013): 77-94.