Racing To Have and Have Not
After recapping the critical debates over Hemingway’s treatment of race in the novel, Valdez focuses on how Hemingway’s use of racial epithets and construction of character translates in the film version. Valdez argues that while the film attempts to clean up the racism implicit in the novel, it only succeeds in writing out African American subject matter.
Film and Literary Modernism
Valdez, Charli G. “Racing To Have and Have Not.” In Film and Literary Modernism, edited by Robert P. McParland, 124-30. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2013.