The Hemingway Bibliography


Hemingway’s Green Hills of Africa as Evolutionary Narrative: Helix and Scimitar

Document Type



Bredahl, A. Carl, Jr., and Susan Lyn Drake. Hemingway’s “Green Hills of Africa” as Evolutionary Narrative: Helix and Scimitar. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1990.


Close reading of the narrative, contending that Green Hills of Africa “results from the effort to push beyond the strictly mental in order to ask about an individual’s creative energy in relation to those same energies in its environment.” Reads the narrative as the narrator’s journey toward “physical and creative health.” Places narrative within its own genre since it defies the traditional categories of fiction and autobiography. Sees images of the helix and scimitar represented in the hunt for kudu and sable as central organizing principles, arguing for the narrative’s overall unification. Provides a historical, social, and cultural context for the book as well as placing it within Hemingway’s canon.



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