The Boxer’s Pain, the Bull’s Prose: Race, American Boxing, and Hemingway’s Ring Aesthetics
Examination of the intersection of boxing, bullfighting, and racial politics in Hemingway’s works and developing aesthetic. Costantino contends that Hemingway turned away from the “unwelcome” complications of social context (race, class, national conflict) found in the American boxing ring in favor of the seeming purity of the violent spectacle of the bullring with its submerged association with boxing. Concludes that American boxing served as an important transnational link to African American culture for the European avant-garde movement. Discusses “Fifty Grand,” “The Battler,” “The Killers,” The Sun Also Rises, and Death in the Afternoon.