Americans in Spain
Overview of the global tensions leading up to the Spanish Civil War and the scope of Hemingway’s considerable involvement, including his NANA dispatches, collaboration on the propaganda documentary The Spanish Earth, fund raising efforts for the Republic, and writing of The Fifth Column and the First Forty-nine Stories and For Whom the Bell Tolls. Analyzes Hemingway’s characterization of the war through the lens of For Whom the Bell Tolls. Takayoshi focuses on the nuances of Hemingway’s political collaboration with communists, his evolving process for distinguishing the truth of the war, and the obstacles he faced while writing the novel. Reprints portions of “The Wages of War: Liberal Gullibility, Soviet Intervention, and the End of the Popular Front.” Representations 115, no. 1 (Summer 2011): 102-29.
American Writers and the Approach of World War II, 1930-1941: A Literary History