Last Stands and Frontier Justice: In Jack London’s Pacific and Ernest Hemingway’s Key West
Comparison study of their sea novels, examining each author’s thematic treatment of loss, change, and violence considering Custer’s Last Stand myth. Contends that for Hemingway’s characters the threat of encroaching civilization upon the idealized sea is more tragic and nostalgic than for London’s whose strength and endurance enable them to envision a hopeful future. Compares To Have and Have Not, The Old Man and the Sea, and Islands in the Stream to London’s The Sea-Wolf (1904) and A Son of the Sun (1912).
Studies in American Naturalism