The Birth of Hemingway’s Afición: Madrid and "The First Bullfight I Ever Saw"
Describes the two historical bullfights that Hemingway conflated in the account of his first bullfight in the Toronto Star essay “Bullfighting a Tragedy” and later Death in the Afternoon. Mandel argues that recovering the actual details of Hemingway’s first bullfight is important because his “immediate, intense response to that event sparked his life-long involvement with Spain” and resulted in “some of the best American writing of this century.”
Journal of Modern Literature
Mandel, Miriam B. “The Birth of Hemingway’s Afición: Madrid and ‘The First Bullfight I Ever Saw.’” Journal of Modern Literature 23, no. 1 (1999): 127-42.