Edith Wharton, Ernest Hemingway, and Vivienne de Watteville
Gives evidence that Wharton may have sent Hemingway a copy of de Watteville’s book about photographing wild animals in Africa, which Hemingway followed in portions of “The Snows of Kilimanjaro.” Previously published as “Wharton’s Forgotten Preface to Vivienne de Watteville’s Speak to the Earth: A Link with Hemingway’s ‘The Snows of Kilimanjaro” in Notes on Modern American Literature, 8, no. 2 (Autumn 1984): item 10.
Edith Wharton in Context: Essays on Intertextuality
Tinter, Adeline R. “Edith Wharton, Ernest Hemingway, and Vivienne de Watteville.” In Edith Wharton in Context: Essays on Intertextuality, 134-38. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1999.