True at First Light: A New Look at Hemingway and Race
Drawing on Toni Morrison’s well-known criticism, Brogan argues that the narrative overtly reveals Hemingway’s anxieties as an author whose continued production supported a capitalist structure permeated by sexism and racism. Posits that together with Hemingway’s other posthumous works dealing with authorial concerns (e.g. A Moveable Feast and especially The Garden of Eden), True at First Light exposes and criticizes an unethical structure that the troubled author himself participated in. Brogan writes that these later texts show a “deeply ethical Hemingway fully conscious of his moral failings both as a writer and human being.” See Morrison’s “Disturbing Nurses and the Kindness of Sharks” in Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination, 61-91. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992.
North Dakota Quarterly