Melancholy Modernism: Gender and the Politics of the Mourning in The Sun Also Rises
Reads the novel as Hemingway’s melancholic response to the crisis of masculinity in the United States at the turn of the twentieth century. Analyzes Hemingway’s struggle to relinquish his identification with two opposing forms of manhood, the sentimental and the invulnerable, arguing that the author finds resolution through the speech fetishes and ritualized behaviors of his characters. Significantly revised version published as “Redeeming Violence in The Sun Also Rises: Phallic Embodiment, Primitive Ritual, Fetishistic Melancholia” in Gender, Race, and Mourning in American Modernism, 54-95. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.