"The Great General Was a Has-Been": Homoerotic Re-Definitions of Masculinity in 1950s Conformist Culture
Argues that the aging and useless Santiago of The Old Man and the Sea represents a transformation of the American heroic ideal following World War II. Compares novella to James Jones’s The Thin Red Line (1962) and Gore Vidal’s The City and the Pillar (1948), claiming that all three authors reveal a fundamental shift during the cold war era regarding America’s views on masculinity. Briefly compares the soldier’s response to war in In Our Time to Jones’s novel.
Harrington Gay Men’s Fiction Quarterly