The Hemingway Bibliography
 

Title

"The Great General Was a Has-Been": Homoerotic Re-Definitions of Masculinity in 1950s Conformist Culture

Document Type

Article

Citation

Adams, Jon Robert. “‘The Great General Was a Has-Been’: Homoerotic Re-Definitions of Masculinity in 1950s Conformist Culture.” Harrington Gay Men’s Fiction Quarterly 6, no. 3 (2004): 116-35.

Annotation

Argues that the aging and useless Santiago of The Old Man and the Sea represents a transformation of the American heroic ideal following World War II. Compares novella to James Jones’s The Thin Red Line (1962) and Gore Vidal’s The City and the Pillar (1948), claiming that all three authors reveal a fundamental shift during the cold war era regarding America’s views on masculinity. Briefly compares the soldier’s response to war in In Our Time to Jones’s novel.

Published in

Harrington Gay Men’s Fiction Quarterly

Volume

6

Issue

3

Date

2004

Pages

116-135

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