Hemingway’s "Hills Like White Elephants"
Arguing against critical consensus of the American man’s dominance, Rankin draws on the theories of Carl Gustav Jung and Karen Horney to prove that Jig is the stronger of the two characters. Concludes that the burdensome white elephant refers to the man and not the unborn child or abortion.
Rankin, Paul. “Hemingway’s ‘Hills Like White Elephants.’” Explicator 63, no. 4 (Summer 2005): 234-37.