"How People Go To Hell": Pessimism, Tragedy, and the Affinity to Schopenhauer in The Sun Also Rises
Relates Hemingway’s work to philosophical pessimism and the literary genre of tragedy. Drawing on German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer’s theories to analyze elements of the novel, such as Jake’s wound, ritualized blood sports, and use of the word hell, Schmigalle aims to foster a greater appreciation of the author among critics who mistakenly view him as simple and superficial.
Schmigalle, Günther. “‘How People Go To Hell’: Pessimism, Tragedy, and the Affinity to Schopenhauer in The Sun Also Rises.” Hemingway Review 25, no. 1 (Fall 2005): 7-21.