A Portrait of the Artist as a Young or Old Innovator
Characterizes Hemingway as a conceptual novelist (plot driven writers with specific goals for their works) rather than an experimental novelist (character-driven writers with only vague intentions). Galenson argues that conceptual writers produce their greatest works early in their careers (e.g. The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms), while experimental writers tend to peak later in life. Points to Hemingway’s early innovations in dialogue and symbolism as further evidence for his classification.