Ernest Hemingway’s Caribbean Gulf Stream Frontier: An Evolving Ecological Perspective
Ecological approach tracing Hemingway’s complex and evolving perspective on the Gulf Stream. Proposes that initially, as evidenced in early magazine articles and To Have and Have Not, Hemingway saw it as a frontier to be conquered. Ott contends that this vision transformed as his interest in and knowledge of the Gulf Stream grew, culminating in the view depicted in The Old Man and the Sea of the Gulf Stream as a harmonious Eden with rejuvenating powers.
This Watery World: Humans and the Sea