Hemingway and Akeley: Identity Formation and Hemingway’s Naturalist Calling
Considers the ways that renowned naturalist and taxidermist Carl Akeley’s dioramas of African animals influenced the construction of Hemingway’s identity and narrative writing style. Looks at descriptions of Akeley’s works and their subtexts, paying special attention to underlying concepts of masculine identity and racial structures and how these concepts present themselves in Hemingway’s life and writing. Traces Hemingway’s complex and ambivalent relationship with the indigenous Africans from the early Green Hills of Africa to the later Under Kilimanjaro and elephant hunt story of The Garden of Eden. Briefly comments on “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” and draws on Mary Hemingway’s 1976 memoir, How It Was.