What’s in a Name? Racial Transparency and the Jazz-Age in Hemingway’s "Hills Like White Elephants"
Looks at the submerged meaning of Jig’s name, examining its historical usage as a racial slur against African Americans. Determines that Hemingway would have been aware of the racial implications of the word, arguing that its inclusion signifies an “Africanist presence” in the text. Considers the possibility of Jig being an African American expatriate of the Jazz Age but concludes that her name more importantly represents the white American male’s desire for control over her.