The Old Man and the Sea: Ernest Hemingway
Sums up the novella’s plot, along with key themes (e.g. courage, perseverance) and symbols (e.g. lions, baseball). Cavanaugh focuses on the aging Santiago’s relationship with the young Manolin and epic struggle with the marlin. Briefly surveys the novella’s critical reception, noting trends in ethical and philosophical approaches found in more recent scholarship. Reprints nearly twenty critical essays ranging from 1952 to 2015 by such well-known Hemingway scholars as Carlos Baker, Susan F. Beegel, and H.R. Stoneback. Concludes with an annotated bibliography of further readings, including bibliographies, biographies, and criticism.
Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism