Eye and Heart: Hemingway’s Education as a Naturalist
Examines how Hemingway’s upbringing and education during a national environmental awakening fostered the affinity and respect for nature so apparent in his work. Beegel argues that Hemingway’s ability to find truth in nature began with his early exposure to the object-oriented Agassiz method of scientific learning. She further demonstrates how hunting experiences with his father imbued in him the ritualistic and conservational ethics, which would appear in works such as “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,” The Garden of Eden, and The Old Man and the Sea. Beegel concludes that Hemingway’s view of nature as comforting and abiding is inseparable from his fiction.