The Fashion of Machismo
Discusses how changes in Hemingway’s clothing style reflected his conscious construction of his masculine persona. Elkins analyzes the calculated underdressing of machismo fashion, primarily characterized by military-style clothing and facial hair, and explains its significance for twentieth-century men seeking to reestablish patriarchal dominance. Elkins concludes that Hemingway’s fashion helped him to achieve his immense popularity and that his personal style continues to appeal to Americans. Briefly discusses fashion in The Garden of Eden.