Toward a Politics of Cure: Jake Barnes's Embracing of Otherness in The Sun Also Rises
The Sun Also Rises represents a case study for the relationship between socio-cultural stereotypes and disability studies. Focusing on Jake Barnes's restoration of health, this essay suggests that Jake's self-mastery is accomplished through his submission to the cultivations he embarks upon during the fishing experience in Bayonne, the bullfight in Pamplona, and his solo trip to San Sebastian. Through Jake, readers encounter the importance of embodiment and emplacement, that bodily restoration is in conjunction with ecological restoration. Jake's case further calls attention to a politics of cure that encourages the construction of environments whereby all forms of masculinity, physicality, and mental health are embraced.