The American Red Cross and the Making of Ernest Hemingway
Valuable study of the evolution and activities of the American Red Cross after the U.S. entered the war against Germany in 1917. The agency's patriotic marketing campaign produced widespread propaganda posters and advertising, a strategy, Will writes, that "created fertile ground for disillusionment, which rapidly undercut Hemingway's initial war fervor and reoriented his attitude toward war itself." Links the repercussions of Hemingway's Red Cross service to the development of his style, his "fear" of being regarded a "slacker," his "generative skepticism," and his concerns with language (see A Farewell to Arms) and silence in various narratives of the war, beginning with articles he wrote for the Toronto Star.
South Central Review