Reexamining the Origins of "After the Storm"
Composition history and manuscript study. Compares conflicting biographical accounts of when and where Hemingway first heard the source story from Bra Sanders, his Gulf Stream fishing guide. Crowley’s examination of the manuscripts reveals the development of the story’s narrative structure, demonstrating Hemingway’s skillful fictionalization of the tale. Closes with a comparison to “Wine of Wyoming,” composed around the same time.