Key West as Carnival: Hemingway and the Commodification of Celebrity
Argues that Hemingway’s professional insecurities were agitated by his financial dependence on Pauline’s uncle, Gus Pfeiffer. Looks at how Hemingway tried to reconcile his dependence by cultivating a self-reliant celebrity persona. Discusses the author’s problematic Key West legacy in the form of Hemingway Days, a festival celebrating both the man and his art. Relying on Bakhtin’s theories, Pottle examines how Hemingway’s identity has become a tourist commodity.