Hemingway, Parody or Pastiche?
Questions whether To Have and Have Not is authentically Cuban. Caballero, a native Cuban, points out Hemingway’s failure to differentiate the criminal Roberto from honorable revolutionaries, thus misrepresenting the rebellions of the Cuban people as unethical. Attributes the “blunder” to Hemingway’s ignorance about Cuban life.
Grimes, Larry and Bickford Sylvester, eds. Hemingway, Cuba, and the Cuban Works. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2013.