Death by Drowning: Trauma Theory and Islands in the Stream
Posits that reading Islands in the Stream through the lens of trauma theory enables readers to understand and sympathize with its unlikable and critically neglected protagonist, Thomas Hudson. Moreland demonstrates how use of twinning in the narrative merges the novel’s four instances of drowning into a single event, recalling Hudson’s own primary trauma. Concludes that Islands in the Stream is a story of both Hudson’s and Hemingway’s traumas.
Grimes, Larry and Bickford Sylvester, eds. Hemingway, Cuba, and the Cuban Works. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2013.