Sea of Plenty: The Artist’s Role in Islands in the Stream
Argues that Thomas Hudson and Santiago are the climactic versions of Hemingway’s artist-hero, with Islands in the Stream and The Old Man and the Sea part of Hemingway’s new conception of a harmonious universe represented by the metaphor of the Gulf Stream. Contends that the protagonists’ spirit of acceptance, self-awareness, and personal incorporation of the feminine separate them from Hemingway’s earlier heroes. Broer focuses on the “doctrine of plentitude” found in both works which holds the paradoxical aspects of existence, both good and bad, in unity.
Grimes, Larry and Bickford Sylvester, eds. Hemingway, Cuba, and the Cuban Works. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2013.