Hemingway, the Red Cross, and the Great War
Detailed account of Hemingway’s volunteer ambulance service at the Italian front during World War I. Florczyk examines the major influence Hemingway’s early involvement with the Red Cross had on his later writings about Italy, including his Toronto Star journalism, In Our Time, The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, Across the River and into the Trees, and others. Draws on established biography along with primary materials such as the diary and correspondence of the unit’s commanding officer, official government documents, and contemporaneous newspaper accounts published by volunteers at the front. Includes a helpful map of the Italian theater of war, numerous black-and-white photographs of Hemingway and the Red Cross, and images of newspaper articles, letters, and ambulance reports. Extensive notes and bibliography.