The Ambulance Drivers: Hemingway, Dos Passos, and a Friendship Made and Lost in War
Biography of their turbulent twenty-year relationship drawing on their writings, correspondence, military records, biographies, histories, and newspaper accounts. Begins with their close, though competitive, relationship forged through their shared experience as World War I ambulance drivers and ends with their break over the Spanish Civil War. Morris traces their intersecting lives and careers through Paris, Madrid, and Key West, focusing on how early war experiences shaped their differing literary perspectives and politics. Closes with a list of eighteen Italian soldiers killed in combat along the Piave River at the time of Hemingway’s wounding and an invitation to scholars to dig deeper to identify the man who may have saved Hemingway’s life by bearing the brunt of the shell. Extensive notes and critical bibliography. Helpful index.