Disproportionality of American Indian Children in Foster Care


Social Work

Date of Paper/Work


Degree Name

Master of Social Work (M.S.W.)

Type of Paper/Work

Clinical research paper


Sarah Ferguson


The practice of removing American Indian Children from their families, relatives, and communities and placing them in foster care with or adoption by White families is an ongoing problem despite the enactment of the 1978 Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). The purpose of this systematic study is to analyze previous research, examine effective interventions and explore what child welfare system changes and practices must occur to reduce disproportionality of American Indian Children in foster care. Research shows possible causes and contributing factors across the United States, however, no well-founded research definitively validates the reasons. To further understand this chronic social issue, the study will look at what other countries like Canada or Australia, who also experience this social problem, and learn from their research what interventions have been implemented to decrease disproportionality and disparities of Indigenous children in out of home placement.


disproportionality, overrepresentation, American Indian children, Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), foster care, child welfare, child protection services

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.